Definition of Disability

For the overall development of PWDs & balanced inclusive growth, Government of India has passed Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 that is applicable to all states union territories (UTS) of India from 07 February, 1996 except in the state of Jammu & Kashmir. There are total 14 chapters and 74 Sections in this Act. In the Section 2(t) a disabled (handicapped) person, hence forth called Person with Disability (PWDs) is defined as follows:

Disabled (handicapped):

According to this, any person that is suffering from atleast 40 percent of disability and is certified by a medical authority for the same.

In the Section 2 of the above stated Act-1995, categories of disabilities and its definition are given as follows:


Refers to a condition where a person suffers from any of the following conditions, namely:

  • Complete absence of visibility or
  • Visual acuity not exceeding 6/60 or 20/200 (Snellen) in the better eye with correcting lenses;
  • Limitation of the field of vision subtending an angle of 20 degree or worse;

Person with Low Visibility

Means a person with impairment of visual functioning even after treatment or standard refractive correction but who uses or is potentially capable of using vision for the planning or execution of a task with appropriate assistive device.

Leprosy-cured person

Means any person who has been cured of leprosy but is suffering from:

  • Loss of sensation in hands or feet as well as loss of sensation and paresis in the eye and eye-lid but with no manifests deformity.
  • Manifest deformity and paresis but having sufficient mobility in their hands and feet to enable them to engage in normal economic activity.
  • Extreme physical deformity as well as advanced age which prevent him from undertaking any gainful occupation, and the expression “leprosy cured” shall be construed accordingly.

Hearing Impairment

Means loss of sixty decibels or more in the better ear in the conversational range of frequencies.

Locomotion related Disability

Means disability of the bones, joints or muscles leading to substantial restriction of the movement of the limbs or any form of cerebral palsy.

Mental retardation

Means a condition of arrested or incomplete development of mind of a person which is specially characterized by sub normality of intelligence.

Mental Illness

Means any mental disorder other than mental retardation.

For issuing Disabilities Certificate according to the categories and definitions of disabilities stated above, Uttar Pradesh Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) (First Amendment) Manual 2014 has been issued through Government Order No. 519/65-3-2014-98 dated 3.9.2014 as a simplified form of Uttar Pradesh Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Manual 2001. According to amended manual, the disability certificate for intuitive visual disability will be issued by various community medical centers and primary health centers, authorized medical officers nominated by Health Department working in state Hospitals. Whereas in case of macroscopic disability and disability whose measurement needs specialists and special equipment, disability certificates will be issued by Medical Council established under the chairmanship of Chief Medical Officer in each district based on the recommendation of authorized doctor.